The Dung File consists of a list of references dealing with pollen, parasites, and plant remains in coprolites and latrine fills from archaeological and palaeoenvironmental sites. The focus is on studies in North America.

The Dung File is subdivided into eleven sections: four depend on the origin of the deposits being investigated (Part 1: Mostly Human, Part 2: Mainly Mammal, Part 3: Animal Middens, Part 4: Other Critters), there are two broader categories, Part 5: General and Review Articles, Part 6: Field and Laboratory Methods, one focussed on theses, Part 7: Theses, and two focussed on modern comparative studies, Part 8: Comparative Studies - Human and Part 9: Comparative Studies - Mammal. Finally, there are a number of articles from news magazines and the popular press (Part 10: Popular Press and Commentary) and some less readily available items listed in Part 11: Conference Abstracts and Grey Literature.

The call numbers are for the library system at the University of Alberta. The remarks in black are my comments.

Part 7: Theses


Aasen, D. K. 1984
Pollen, Macrofossil, and Charcoal Analyses of Basketmaker Coprolites from Turkey Pen Ruin, Cedar Mesa, Utah. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA 73 pp.

Bain, A. 1999
Archaeoentomological and Archaeoparasitological Reconstructions at Îlot Hunt (CeEt-110): New Perspectives in Historical Archaeology (1850-1900). Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of History, Université Laval, Québec City, Québec, Canada 309 pp.
Dissertation abstract was published in Quaternary Entomology Dispatch Issue No. 23, December 1999. Examined samples from two latrines, a drain, and an abandoned well or cistern. Insect remains were present but little evidence of endoparasites. Results suggest relatively clean living conditions, in contrast to documentary reports of squalid conditions in urban settings. Study undertaken to better understand impact of public health developments and medical advances on actual late 19th century living conditions.

Bartos, F. M. 1972
Pollen in Fecal Pellets as an Environmental Indicator. Unpublished Master's Thesis. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 96 pp.
Analyzed some dung samples from Stanton's Cave for pollen. Cited in Mead et al. (1986) and Robbins et al. (1984). (24/05/2009) .

Belshaw, R. D. 1987
An Investigation into the Potential Value of Fly Puparia from Archaeological Deposits as Environmental Indicators: With Particular Reference to the Detection of Cess. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. Institute of Archaeology, University of London, London, England, UK.
Cited by Webb et al. (1998). Mentions findings of seaweed fly (Thoracochaeta zosterae) remains in archaeological contexts. (20/11/2008).

Berg, G. E. 1999
Determining the Abdominal Contents of Skeletonized Burials Using a Multidisciplinary Approach. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tucson, Arizona, USA 57 pp. + figures.
Applies macrobotanical, palynological and zooarchaeological analytical techniques to sediment samples likely to incorporate decayed stomach contents and intestinal remains. Intention is to develop a protocol for sampling and analyzing such locales. Protocol developed using two test sample sets: from a medieval Danish population (dating 1100 - 1250 AD) and from Salado burials from south-central Arizona (dating 1250-1350 AD).

Boag, F. E. 1997
Integrated Mediterranean Farming and Pastoral Systems: Local Knowledge and Ecological Infrastructure of Italian Dryland Farming. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 374 pp.
AEU SPCOLL 97FD BOA Field area is the Basilicata region of southern Italy. Examined the distribution of seeds by sheep and goats through their dung. Seed distribution is related to movement of animals between the different plant communities by the local farmers. Integration of herding and farming, leading to a sustainable agricultural system.

Bohrer, V. L. 1969
Paleoecology of an Archaeological Site Near Snowflake, Arizona. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA. 109 pages.
(02/Feb/2013)

Brough, D. W. 1980
The Interpretation of Organic Material from a Pictish Hillfort at Dundurn in Perthshire. Unpublished B.Sc. thesis. Botany Department, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
Contains discussion of sample preparation and analyses of material discussed in Dickson and Brough (1989).

Bryant Jr, V. M. 1969
Late Full-Glacial and Post-Glacial Pollen Analysis of Texas Sediments. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Botany, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, USA 168 pp.
Samples from Conejo Shelter.

Butler, V. L. 1990
Distinguishing Natural from Cultural Salmonid Deposits in Pacific Northwest North America. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA xv + 218 pp.
Mostly concerns examination of fish assemblages from several archaeological sites to establish whether these are a result of cultural processes or natural, albeit catastropic, die-offs. Focusses on taphonomic processes. Reports on experiment (p. 16) on feeding a coho salmon to a dog. Only three identifiable skeletal elements recovered in faeces. (24/04/2009).

Byrne, D. R. 1973
Prehistoric Coprolites: A Study of Dog and Human Coprolites from Prehistoric Archaeological Sites in the North Island of New Zealand. Unpublished M.A. thesis. University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Clary, K. H. 1984
Prehistoric Coprolite Remains from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico: Inferences for Anasazi Diet and Subsistence. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Cole, K. L. 1981
Late Quaternary Environments in the Eastern Grand Canyon: Vegetation Gradients Over the Last 25,000 Years. Unpublished PhD dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 170 pp.
Includes analysis of packrat middens from Tse'an Bida Cave, Arizona. Cited by Mead et al. (1986) (24/05/2009).

Crawford, P. L. 1994
Man-Land Relationships in the Wadi Tumilat of Egypt at Tell El- Maskhuta: A Paleoethnobotanical Perspective. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Archaeology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA xi + 339 pp.
Occupations investigated date to Middle Bronze Age. Discusses fuel use, especially the use of dung as fuel in earlier occupation and replacement with wood later. Dung fuel use implies predominance of pastoralism, rather than agriculture. Later, subsistence base broadened, year-round settlement, and wood fuel use may indicate a reduction in pastoralism.

Cummings, L. S. 1989
Coprolites from Medieval Christian Nubia: An Interpretation of Diet and Nutritional Stress. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA xiii + 204 pp.
Analyzed 49 coprolite specimens. Results discussed in relation to skeletal indications of iron deficiency. (06/11/2006).

Czaplewski, N. 1985
Bone Remains from the Dust Devil Cave Feces. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.

Davis, J. 1996
Environmental Evidence for Balancing the Norse Diet from Sandnes, Western Settlement, Greenland. Unpublished M.A. thesis. University of Sheffied, Sheffield, England, UK.
Provides a summary of the history of excavation at the Sandnes site, placing it into the context of Norse history in Greenland. Reports fine-fraction analysis of two samples from a household midden. One sample yielded more than 2000 pieces of wood (burned and unburned). Taxa identified in non-burned wood sample included Salix sp., with some Larix sp. and Pinus sp. Also found some Alnus glutinosa (Black alder) twigs and cone fragments. Ten seed taxa recovered including: Capsella bursa-pastoris, Carex sp., Compositae, Montia lamprosperma, Polygonum aviculare, Potentilla sp., Rorippa islandica, and, in most abundance, Empetrum nigrum and Stellaria medea. Wood- rich sample thought to be from a house floor; other sample thought to be composed primarily of deteriorated dung, possibly from a byre. Reviews subsistence implications of these findings. (08/06/2008).

Davis, O. K. 1975
Pollen Analysis of Wildcat Lake, Whitman County, Washington: The Introduction of Grazing. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA 43 pp.
Cited in Davis and Shafer (2006). (26/08/2008).

Dering, J. P. 1979
Pollen and Plant Macrofossil Vegetation Record Recovered from Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.

Dommelier-Espejo, S. 2001
Contribution à l'étude paléoparasitologique des site Neolithiques en envionnement lacustre dans les domaines Jurassien et péri-alpin. Unpublished thesis. Université de Reims, Reims, France 248 pp.
Cited in Gonçalves et al. (2003). (06/06/2008).

Driscoll, L. H. 1994
Privy Unto What Has Passed: The Application and Limitations of Parasitology for Eastern North American Historical Sites. Unpublished M.A. thesis. University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Cited in Bain (2001). (06/07/2008).

Edwards, S. K. 1990
Investigations of Late Archaic Coprolites: Pollen and Macrofossil Remains from Hinds Cave (41VV456), Val Verde County, Texas. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA 151 pp.

Everett, C. 1994
A Tale of Two Privies: Techniques for the Recovery of Organic Remains from Australian Latrine Deposits. Unpublished B.A. dissertation. Prehistoric and Historic Archaeology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia 82 pp.
Concentrates on the identification of eggs of intestinal parasites and macrobotanical remains recovered from two 19th century sites (Regentville and the Jobbins Building) in Sydney, Australia. Includes discussion of supplemental techniques to identify latrine fills, such as soil analytical procedures.

Faulkner, C. T. 1989
Analysis of Desiccated Human Paleofeces from Big Bone Cave (40VB103), Van Buren County, Tennessee. Unpublished Master's thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

Fouant, M. M. 1981
Intestinal Parasitic Disease Among Pre-Columbian Indians. Unpublished Masters thesis. Department of Pathology, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Cited by Reinhard (1992). (06/07/2008).

Fraser, M. J. 1981
A Study of Botanical Material from Three Medieval Scottish Sites. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. Botany Department, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
Reports findings of cherry stones and moss. See Dickson and Brough (1989).

Fry, G. F. 1969
Prehistoric Diet at Danger Cave, Utah, as Determined by the Analysis of Coprolites. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Fry, G. 1970
Prehistoric Human Ecology in Utah: Based on the Analysis of Coprolites. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Funston, S. L. K. 2001
Historicizing the Biological: Physical Data, Disease History and New World Aboriginal People. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 84 pp.
AEU SpColl 01 FUN Looked at samples from features tentatively identified as latrine pits at three archaeological sites in Alberta: Fort George, a Fur Trade site dating to the late 18th century, and two logging camps dating from 1930s near Hinton. Only one possible parasite ovum (?Ascaris lumbicoides) found in one of the lumber camp samples. Most of the thesis comprises a discussion of the way in which historians have dealt with disease in their studies. (05/05/2006).

Hadly, E. A. 1990
Late Holocene Mammalian Fauna of Lamar Cave and its Implications for Ecosystem Dynamics in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
Cave deposit consists largely of woodrat midden material.

Hadly, E. A. 1995
Evolution, Ecology, and Taphonomy of Late Holocene Mammals from Lamar Cave, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA.
Cave deposit consists largely of woodrat midden material.

Hallett, J. C. 1994
Effects of Dietary Fiber and Body Size on Dung Size of the Bushy-tailed Woodrat, Neotoma cinerea. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. Resource Management Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA vii + 48 pp.
Reports results of laboratory, controlled, experiments on woodrats. Found that dung pellet length was related to amount of fibre in the diet. Suggested that variation in pellet size in subfossil middens may therefore be related to amount of fibre consumed. (06/11/2006).

Hall, H. J. 1969
Rehydration and Concentration of Parasite Ova in Human Coprolites from the Great Basin. Honours thesis. University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
Cited in Bryant and Dean (2006).

Hall, H. J. 1972
Diet and Disease at Clyde's Cavern, Utah: As Revealed via Paleoscatology. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Hansen, E. 1994
Early Archaic Diet at Old Man Cave: A Perspective on Archaic Subsistence in Southeastern Utah. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
Cited in Reinhard et al. (2007) (05/07/2008).

Hellqvist, M. 1999
Urban and Rural Environments from Iron Age to Medieval Time in Northern Europe. Evidence from Fossil Insect Remains from South- Eastern Sweden and Novgorod, Russia. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 430. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Uppsala, Sweden 33 pp.
Dissertation abstract was published in AEA Newsletter 66, pp. 4-5, 1999. Examined insect assemblages from archaeological context and from cores. Uppsala and Novgorod both had predominantly rural character based on these assemblages. Results show transport of supplies and building materials to the towns from the surroundings. Dung beetles at Uppsala indicate grazing as dominant landuse. Microclimates of towns may provide suitable habitats for taxa that usually prefer warmer conditions. Hence climatic reconstructions based on urban archaeological assemblages may be misleading. As a corollary, urban contexts may provide suitable habitats for survival of taxa that are extirpated from the surroundings.

Hill, G. 1989
Human Helminth Parasites in Archaeology. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. London, UK.

Hockett, B. S. 1993
Taphonomy of the Leporid Bones from Hogup Cave, Utah: Implications for Cultural Continuity in the Eastern Great Basin. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA xvii + 246 pp.
Re-analyzing faunal assemblages from Hogup Cave. Includes some data from wood rat middens. (24/04/2009).

Holiday, Dan M. 2003
Archaeoparasitology of the Chiribaya of Southern Peru, with an Examination of Possible Health Implications. Unpublished M.H.Sc.thesis. School of Allied Health and Natural Sciences, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, Connecticut, USA. vii + 58 pp.
Examined 33 coprolites, from cultural phase dating 700 to 1350 AD. Found parasite eggs, probably of Diphyllobothrium pacificum, confirming use of marine resources. (06/11/2006).

Iberall, E. R. 1972
Paleoecological Studies from Fecal Pellets: Stanton's Cave, Grand Canyon, Arizona. Unpublished Master's thesis. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 67 pp.

Jones, J. G. 1988
Middle to Late Preceramic (6000-3000 B.P.) Subsistence Patterns on the Central Coast of Peru: The Coprolite Evidence. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.

Kelso, G. 1976
Absolute Pollen Frequencies Applied to the Interpretation of Human Activities in Northern Arizona. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Geochronology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 170 pp.
Apparently, includes the result of an experiment on transmission times of ingested pollen through the human digestive tract, described in Kelso and Solomon (2006). (23/12/2007).

Kelso, G. K. 1971
Hogup Cave, Utah: Comparison of Pollen Analysis of Coprolites and Cave Fill. Unpublished M.A. thesis. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 26 pp.

Lewis, M. 1997
An Analysis of the Early Middle Pleistocene Hyaena Coprolites from Boxgrove, Sussex. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. University of London, London, England, UK.
Boxgrove is east of Chichester, southern England.

Marsh, D. C. 1965
Some Insects and Vertebrates Recovered from the Coprolites of Prehistoric Indians of Southwestern Tamaulipas, Mexico. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Information from Häntzschel et al. (1968): Deals with coprolites from Sierra Madre (Ocampo) Caves, spanning age from 7000 B.C. to 1700 A.D. Most coprolites of human origin; others from (unidentified) animals.

Mead, J. I. 1983
Harrington's Extinct Mountain Goat (Oreamnos harringtoni) and its Environment in the Grand Canyon, Arizona. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA xiv + 215 pp.
Describes the characteristics of this goat from skeletal remains from eight dry cave and wood rat midden sites in the Grand Canyon. Diet inferred from plant remains in dung pellets, suggesting it mainly ate grass but also consumed other shrubs and woody vegetation. Radiocarbon dates from Stanton's Cave suggest species became extinct by about 11,000 yr BP. (15/04/2007).

Miller, N. F. 1982
Economy and Environment of Malyan, a Third Millennium B.C. Urban Center in Southern Iran (Volumes I and II). Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA 479 pp.
Study of archaeobotany at Malyan, Iran, in 3rd millennium BC. Includes discussion of modern analogue (village use of dung fuel cakes) as a source for charred seed remains.

Napton, L. K. 1970
Archaeological Investigations at Lovelock Cave, Nevada. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA.

Nelson, W. J. 1999
A Paleodietary Approach to Late Prehistoric Hunter-gatherer Settlement-Subsistence Change in Northern Owens Valley, Eastern California: the Fish Slough Cave Example. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of California- Davis, Davis, California, USA iii + 243 pp.
Analysis of 80 coprolite specimens from one site (Mark Sutton, pers. comm., 29/09/2000).

Nowak, C. L. 1991
Reconstruction of Post-glacial Vegetation and Climate History in Western Nevada: Evidence from Plant Macrofossils in Neotoma Middens. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis. University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA.
Cited in Nowak et al. (1994).

Pearson, S. 1997
Stick-nest Rat Middens as a Source of Palaeo-environmental Data in Central Australia. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. School of Geography, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia xvii + 314 pp.
Thesis abstract is on-line at University of New South Wales, School of Geography (See http://www.unsw.edu.au ). Twenty stick-nest rat (Leporillus sp.) middens examined for pollen and macros. Middens (Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia) radiocarbon dated younger than 3500 yr BP. Pollen assemblage highly variable but shows little evidence of climate change (e.g., moderation of aridity) over last 3500 years. However, faunal remains showed reduction in arid zone mammal species richness over time. Concludes that stick-nest rat middens are a good source of palaeoenvironmental information in arid areas.

Phillips III, A. M. 1977
Packrats, Plants and the Pleistocene in the Lower Grand Canyon. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of General Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 137 pp.
Cited by Hebda et al. (1990) and Hansen (1978).

Reinhard, K. J. 1985
Recovery of Helminths from Prehistoric Feces: The Cultural Ecology of Ancient Parasitism. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
Cited by Reinhard (1992) and many others.

Reinhard, K. J. 1988
Diet, Parasitism, and Anemia in the Prehistoric Southwest. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA xiv + 201 pp.
Cited by Bryant (1994) and many others.

Robinson, G. S. 2003
Landscape Paleoecology and Late Quaternary Extinctions in the Hudson Valley. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University, New York, USA vii + 152 pp.

Ross, J. M. 1997
A Paleoethnobotanical Investigation of Gården Under Sandet, a Waterlogged Norse Farm Site, Western Settlement, Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaata). Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 194 pp.
AEU SPCOLL 97F ROS

Sanford, P. R. 1983
An Analysis of Megascopic Plant Remains and Pollen from Dirty Shame Rockshelter, Southeastern Oregon. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Anthropology Department, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA 288 pp.
Midden deposits at the site span two time intervals: 9500 to 5900 yr BP and 2700 to 400 yr BP. Identified 62 plant taxa. Deposits included human coprolites. Activities included hunting and plant gathering. Inferred vegetation throughout record was sagebrush and bunchgrass shrub-steppe, similar to present, with possibly moister conditions (riparian seeds) around 6800 to 5900 yr BP. (15/04/2007).

Saunders, Joe W. 1986
The Economy of Hinds Cave. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University Dallas, Texas, USA.
(02/Feb/2013)

Sobolik, K. D. 1988
The Prehistoric Diet and Subsistence of the Lower Pecos Region, as Reflected in Coprolites from Baker Cave, Val Verde County, Texas. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA 287 pp.

Sobolik, K. D. 1991
Paleonutrition of the Lower Pecos Region of the Chihuahuan Desert. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.

Spaulding, W. G. 1974
Pollen Analysis of Fossil Dung of Ovis canadensis from Southern Nevada. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 55 pp.

Spaulding, W. G. 1981
The Late Quaternary Vegetation of a Southern Nevada Mountain Range. Unpublished PhD dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 271 pp.

Stiger, M. A. 1977
Anasazi Diet: The Coprolite Evidence. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA.

Stock, J. A. 1983
The Prehistoric Diet of Hinds Cave (41 VV 456), Val Verde County, Texas: The Coprolite Evidence. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA 246 pp.
Macrofossil studies of coprolites.

Van Devender, T. R. 1973
Late Pleistocene Plants and Animals of the Sonoran Desert: A Survey of Ancient Packrat Middens in Southwestern Arizona. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 179 pp.

Van Ness, M. 1986
Desha Complex Macrobotanical Fecal Remains: An Archaic Diet in the American Southwest. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
Cited in Reinhard et al. (2007) (05/07/2008).

Vinton, S. D. 1997
Dietary Analysis of Coprolites from the Lluta Valley in Arica, Chile. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Cited in Reinhard et al. (2007). (24/03/2008).

Williams-Dean, G. 1975
Pollen Analysis of Prehistoric Human Coprolites from Antelope House Ruin, Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Arizona. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Department of Biology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, USA.
Cited in Reinhard et al. (2006) (27/12/2007).

Williams-Dean, G. 1978
Ethnobotany and Cultural Ecology of Prehistoric Man in Southwest Texas. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA 287 pp.
Deals with material from Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas.

Williams, L. 1980
Kohika Coprolites. Unpublished M.A. research essay. University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
Cited by Horrocks et al. (2003).

Williams, L. R. 1971
Laboratory Procedures, Methods, and Analysis of Northern Chile Coprolites. Unpublished Masters thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, USA.
(07/07/2008).

Zutter, C. M. 1997
The Cultural Landscape of Iceland: A Millennium of Human Transformation and Environmental Change. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Anthropology Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 239 pp.

Number of citations: 72


  7
Theses




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