Alwynne B. Beaudoin - E-SCAPE - The SCAPE file - Canadian
- Archaeology and Geoarchaeology

Canadian Prairies - Archaeology and Geoarchaeology

Book cover Bobrowsky, P. T., N. R. Catto, J. W. Brink, B. E. Spurling, T. H. Gibson, and N. W. Rutter 1990
Archaeological Geology of Sites in Western and Northwestern Canada. In Archaeological Geology of North America, edited by N. P. Lasca and J. Donahue, pp. 87-122. DNAG Centennial Special Volume 4. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
AEU SCI CC 77.5 A74

Book cover Bryan, A. 1967
The First People. In Alberta: A Natural History, edited by W. G. Hardy, pp. 277-293. M. G. Hurtig, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
AEU SCI QH 106 H27

Book cover Bryan, L. 1991
The Buffalo People: Prehistoric Archaeology on the Canadian Plains. The University of Alberta Press, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. xv + 215 pages.
AEU HSS E78 P7 B93 1991 A popular account of Plains archaeology. The title describes the content well. The book would be easier to follow with more maps showing the discussed sites' relationship to each other and their setting. (30/Jan/1997).

Dawe, B. 1997
Tiny Arrowheads: Toys in the Toolkit. Plains Anthropologist 42(161):303-318.
AEU HSS E 51 P69 Examination of small Late Prehistoric projectile points from Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump (DkPj-1) in southwest Alberta.

Frison, G. C. 1998
Paleoindian Large Mammal Hunters on the Plains of North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95:14576- 14583.
Mentions the Fletcher Site in southern Alberta, though primarily concentrates on areas in US.

Book cover Gryba, E. M. 1980
The Early Side-Notched Point Tradition in the Central and Northern Plains. In Directions in Manitoba Prehistory, Papers in Honour of Chris Vickers, edited by L. Pettipas, pp. 37-63. Association of Manitoba Archaeologists and Manitoba Archaeological Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
AEU HSS FC 3366 D59 1980

Hofman, J. L., and R. W. Graham 1998
The Paleo-Indian Cultures of the Great Plains. In Archaeology on the Great Plains, edited by W. R. Wood, pp. 87-139. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

Hutchings, W. K. 1997
The Paleoindian Fluted Point: Dart or Spear Armature? The Identification of Paleoindian Delivery Technology Through the Analysis of Lithic Fracture Velocity. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. xi + 194 pages.

Milne, L. A. 1994
Coping With Uncertainty: Cultural Responses to Resource Fluctuations in the Northern Plains. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. xiv + 570 pages.

Nicholson, B. A., S. Hamilton, G. Running, and M. Boyd 2007
Building the Contextual Milieu: An Approach to Data Collection and Interpretation. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 31(3):10-47.
AEU PMC FC 56 C1152

Oetelaar, G. A. 2000
Beyond Activity Areas: Structure and Symbolism in the Organization and Use of Space Inside Tipis. Plains Anthropologist 45-171:35-61.
AEU HSS E 51 P69

Oetelaar, G. A. 2004
Landscape Evolution and Human Occupation During the Archaic Period on the Northern Plains. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 41:725-740.
AEU SCI QE 1 C212 DOI: 10.1139/E04-015 Deals with Tuscany Site (EgPn-377), northwest Calgary, Alberta.

Schurr, T. G. 2000
Mitochondrial DNA and the Peopling of the New World. American Scientist 88(May-June 2000):246-253.
AEU SCI Q 1 A51 mtDNA indicate colonization of Siberia and Americas was more complex than hitherto supposed. mtDNA follow female lineage with minimal ambiguity. Analysis show that majority of North American haplotypes belong to four mtDNA groups, and show similarity of presumed source populations in Asia and Siberia. All four groups found throughout Americas, suggesting all present in original migrations. Comparison with Asian/Siberian data, suggest at least two distinct migration centres (Lake Baikal area and East Asia - Amur River region). Also shows a degree of genetic distinctiveness in different North American groups, suggesting isolation and founder effects led to distinctiveness that has been maintained over lengthy interval. Using the DNA "clock," results suggest antiquity of North American lineages around 47,000 - 23,000 years, considerably older than post-last glaciation. Another haplogroup (X) has similarities to European group X. Thought originally to be from recent admixture but may be much older (from migration into Asia). Also some North American groups show admixture of African haplogroups, through admixture in historic times.

Storck, P. L. 1973
A Description of Some Paleo-Indian and Archaic Projectile Points and Knives from Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta in Collections of the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. Saskatchewan Archaeology Newsletter 41:1-28.

Book cover Vickers, J. R. 1986
Alberta Plains Prehistory: A Review. Archaeological Survey, Occasional Papers No. 27. Archaeological Survey of Alberta, Alberta Culture, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 139 pages. Bound with No. 28.
AEU HSS E 78 A34 V637 1986

Vickers, J. R. 1994
Cultures of the Northwestern Plains: From the Boreal Forest Edge to Milk River. In Plains Indians, A.D. 500-1500: The Archaeological Past of Historic Groups, edited by K. H. Schlesier, pp. 3-33. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, USA.
AEU HSS E 78 G78 P528

Walde, D., D. Meyer, and W. Unfreed 1995
The Late Period on the Canadian and Adjacent Plains. Revista de Arqueología Americana 9:7-66.

Book cover Wilson, M. C. 1990
Archaeological Geology in Western Canada: Techniques, Approaches, and Integrative Themes. In Archaeological Geology of North America, edited by N. P. Lasca and J. Donahue, pp. 61-86. DNAG Centennial Special Volume 4. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
AEU SCI CC 77.5 A74 Discussion focusses mainly on sites in Alberta, within the context of western Canada. (24/Aug/2010).

Book cover Wilson, M. C., and J. A. Burns 1999
Searching for the Earliest Canadians: Wide Corridors, Narrow Doorways, Small Windows. In Ice Age Peoples of North America, edited by R. Bonnichsen and K. L. Turnmire, pp. 213-248. Oregon State University Press for the Center for the Study of the First Americans, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.
A useful survey.

Book cover Wright, J. V. 1995
A History of the Native People of Canada: Volume I (10,000 - 1,000 B.C.). Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury Series Paper 152. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, Quebec, Canada.
AEU HSS E 78 C2 W75

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This presentation has been compiled and is © 1998-2011 by
Alwynne B. Beaudoin (
Latest update: 21 May 2012